Morphine is a pain reliever prescribed to individuals with moderate to severe pain. Unfortunately, most of these prescribers are paradoxically not specialists in morphine dependence.
It is an abomination that most morphine prescribers to non-hospice clients have no expertise or training regarding at what particular point in time does a “therapeutic dose of morphine” translate into a “morphine addiction perpetuating dose.” Departments of Health across the USA have collectively decided in their infinite wisdom that non-addictions neuropsychiatrists may prescribe highly addictive morphine to non-hospice clients without being educated, trained and experienced in the diagnosis and treatment of morphine dependence.
How this Addiction Develops
Why does this miraculously stellar display of medical ignorance prevail and continue to help propel the opioid epidemic? Most departments of health across the country have yet to realize that prescribers of morphine should not be prescribing morphine to non-hospice clients without having specialized in addictions neuropsychiatry because non-addictions-neuropsychiatrists:
- Have little experience recognizing the signs and symptoms of morphine dependence
- Do not readily know when their patients are developing morphine tolerance and progression
- Do not readily know when it’s time to begin detoxification off of morphine and begin more non-narcotic pain relieving medicines, therapies and interventions
- Do not readily know if or when their morphine taking clients should be referred for detoxification and rehabilitation
- Are not prescribing only a week’s worth of morphine at a time with a three week cap in non-hospice cases
- Do not have the qualifications to conduct a comprehensive drug abuse evaluation prior to prescribing morphine
- Are not at least board eligible in psychiatry
- Have not worked in a residential or intensive outpatient (IOP) substance abuse detoxification and rehabilitation treatment center for at least 1 year
- Are unintentionally fueling the opioid epidemic
Morphine misuse is associated with relaxation and euphoria. It’s like alcohol in a pill. Morphine’s abuse potential is high. Morphine is classified as an opioid. Morphine brand names include: Avinza, Kadian, Ms Contin, Morphabond. There are many street names for morphine including: Dreamer, Emsel, First Line, God’s Drug, Hows, M.S., Mister Blue, Morf, Morpho, Unkie.
Morphine’s side effects can include:
- Face swelling
- Finger swelling
- Elevated blood pressure
- Fever, Impaired Focus
- Difficulty breathing
- Blue nails
- Blue lips
Morphine is a Schedule II drug that is abused orally, snorted, smoked, injected, or inserted rectally. Opiates such as morphine are found in the opium poppy plant. Opioids such as oxycodone are made in laboratories. Opioids, opiates and morphine influence the way the brain responds to pain.
In fact, morphine is the standard for comparing how powerful opioids are, including:
- Hydrocodone = morphine
- Oxycodone is 1.5 times stronger than morphine
- Fentanyl is 50 to 100 times stronger than morphine
Morphine manufacturers acknowledge that morphine has a high potential for abuse and can produce physical dependence when taken for extended periods of time.
Unfortunately, morphine manufacturers also state that patient’s taking morphine for pain rarely get addicted, without posting:
- How long patients were followed
- How many patients were already addicted to alcohol or a drug
- Whether or not patients had a comprehensive substance abuse evaluation
- Whether or not patients had an addictions neuropsychiatric history and physical examination
- Longitudinal study results their incidence of addiction 5, 10 and 15 years later
Morphine dependent people compulsively seek morphine or any suitable opioid substitute despite the health, legal and social consequences often associated their repetitive self-defeating actions. In some cases, denial does not enable them to recognize consequences related to morphine use. Regardless, they more often readily recognize consequences related to opioid use.
Therapeutic use of morphine for a very short period of time in people with no history of substance abuse isn’t usually associated with opioid addiction.
Short term side effects from morphine include:
- Weight loss
- Constricted pupils
- Reduced responsiveness
- Elevated blood pressure
- Muscle spasms
- Muscle pain
Morphine and heroin have similar side effects and properties because heroin breaks down into morphine. Recovery from the morphine dependence requires detox, rehab, support and dedication.